[The following is our own translation from the original Swedish text, which can be read at the IFN web: Assar Lindbeck 1930-2020]

Assar Lindbeck's career as a researcher and leading intellectual spans a period of almost 70 years. The bibliography in Assar's memoirs "Ekonomi är att välja" ("Economics is an Issue of Choosing") from 2012 fills 21 densely written pages, and he made countless contributions as an expert and advisor to governments and international organizations, including leading roles in important investigations such as the McCracken Commission and the Bjurel Delegation in the 1970s, not least the Lindbeck Commission in the 1990s.

In the late 50s, he took the initiative to create a proper doctoral program in economics in Sweden. After studying in the United States, Assar Lindbeck imported the type of doctoral education that was there. During his time at IIES, he laid the foundation for what would become a very successful economics doctoral program. He also participated in the establishment of the so-called Economics Prize, the Swedish Riksbank's Prize in Economic Science in Memory of Alfred Nobel, and was a member of the Prize Committee for 26 years.

Assar Lindbeck worked at IUI (until the name was changed to the current IFN in 2006), and IFN for three different periods, something he himself wrote about. Even then, he showed the will and fearlessness to fight for his conviction that came to mark his participation in the public debate. 1961–62 he worked with housing market problems. During the second period, about 1965-68, he analyzed agricultural policy. Both studies left a big impression in the Swedish public debate. The third period at IFN began in 1995. That period is described by Assar Lindbeck himself as calmer, a time marked by article writing for international scientific journals. "Since it was mainly academic writing, I have, to my knowledge, not annoyed any politicians or entrepreneurs this time," he writes in IFN / IUI 1939–2009 - Seven decades of research on a business in development.

It may have been a calmer period, but he was active in research and public debate until his death. Between 1995 and 2020, he published 38 op-eds, 31 of which were in Dagens Nyheter. In the very last one, he argued that large-scale immigration requires expensive and politically painful reforms of the housing market, the labor market, the judiciary and schools. Only a couple of weeks before his death, one of the essays he worked on (together with Jörgen Weibull) was accepted in the highly regarded journal European Economic Review. Two years earlier, the article "Social Norms in Social Insurance" written together with Mats Persson (Professor Emeritus at IIES) was published in the Journal of Political Economy, one of the five absolute top journals in economics.

Throughout his career, Assar emphasized the need for "two-legged economists" - in addition to the researchers being expected to contribute high-quality front-line research, they should also ensure that the results are disseminated to society through essays in Swedish journals, debate articles, media appearances, participation in public investigations as well as in other contexts. Assar Lindbeck himself embodied this ideal, something which is illustrated by the fact that is was enough to only use his first name, Assar, to make anyone with an interest in society know who was referred to.

The name comes from the Nordic name Andswarur with the meaning "he who gives answers". If there is one thing that has characterized Assar's work - from the beginning of the 1950s until his death - it is precisely that with the help of research and science seek the answers to the most important questions of the times and communicate these answers both to his research colleagues and society in general. Assar will live on as a role model and source of inspiration for all of us who have had the privilege of experiencing him up close.